Paris Climate Agreement and United States

The Paris Climate Agreement was adopted in 2015 by all 195 member countries of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The agreement aims to limit the global temperature increase to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a goal to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The United States, under the leadership of President Barack Obama, played a key role in the negotiations and adoption of the agreement. In 2016, the United States became a signatory to the agreement, committing to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025.

However, in 2017, President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the Paris Agreement, citing concerns over the economic impact of the commitments made under the agreement. This decision was met with widespread criticism from environmentalists and world leaders alike, who saw it as a significant setback in the fight against climate change.

The withdrawal process was completed in November 2020, just days after the U.S. presidential election, in which President-elect Joe Biden had pledged to rejoin the agreement if elected. Now in office, President Biden wasted no time in fulfilling this promise, signing an executive order on his first day in office to rejoin the Paris Agreement.

The United States’ return to the Paris Agreement has been welcomed by the international community, with many world leaders hailing it as a significant step towards tackling climate change. However, the country still faces significant challenges in meeting its emissions reduction targets, particularly in light of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy.

As the world’s second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, the United States has a significant role to play in the fight against climate change. Its return to the Paris Agreement sends a strong message to other countries – that the world is committed to taking action to address this global challenge. However, it remains to be seen how successful the country will be in meeting its commitments under the agreement, and what impact this will have on global efforts to tackle climate change.